Latin America and China are getting closer. It is important to reflect on this bilateral framework especially as Latin American countries hold the CELAC Summit in San Jose, Costa Rica in a few days. Earlier in January, governments from our region had met in Beijing with the Chinese President and formalised a south-south cooperation forum. Will their priorities lead to cleaner development? This piece makes the case that clean energy, cities and water need to be part of this new cooperation forum in order to deliver real benefits for the almost 2 billion citizens living in China and Latin America.